Windows CMD Commands

Any version of Windows (like Windows 10, 8, 7, etc.), has a Windows CMD Prompt, which is a command line interpreter that allows you to execute Windows CMD Commands interact with the Windows operating system using typed commands. There are two types of these Command Prompt commands:

  • Internal CMD commands – These commands are built in to the cmd.exe command shell. They do not require other files to run.
  • External CMD commands – These commands are not built in to the command shell and are a separate executable. For these commands to work, your current working path must be where these executables are placed, or your environment path must specify the location of these external executables.

To get started, the Windows Command Prompt may appear in different places depending on your version of Windows, however you should be able to access it in any version by clicking start > run, and entering “CMD”. Following is a table of built in (internal) Windows CMD Commands and a brief summary of each command. For more information about a specific CMD command, click on the name of the command to display detailed information and examples

ASSOCDisplays or modifies file extension associations.
BREAKSets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
BCDEDITSets properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLSDisplays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALLCalls one batch program from another.
CDDisplays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCPDisplays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIRDisplays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSKChecks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFSDisplays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLSClears the screen.
CMDStarts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLORSets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMPCompares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACTDisplays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERTConverts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.
COPYCopies one or more files to another location.
DATEDisplays or sets the date.
DELDeletes one or more files.
DIRDisplays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKPARTDisplays or configures Disk Partition properties.
DOSKEYEdits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
DRIVERQUERYDisplays current device driver status and properties.
ECHODisplays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCALEnds localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASEDeletes one or more files.
EXITQuits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FCCompares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.
FINDSearches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTRSearches for strings in files.
FORRuns a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMATFormats a disk for use with Windows.
FSUTILDisplays or configures the file system properties.
FTYPEDisplays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTODirects the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GPRESULTDisplays Group Policy information for machine or user.
GRAFTABLEnables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELPProvides Help information for Windows commands.
ICACLSDisplay, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories.
IFPerforms conditional processing in batch programs.
LABELCreates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MDCreates a directory.
MKDIRCreates a directory.
MKLINKCreates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MODEConfigures a system device.
MOREDisplays output one screen at a time.
MOVEMoves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
OPENFILESDisplays files opened by remote users for a file share.
PATHDisplays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSESuspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPDRestores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINTPrints a text file.
PROMPTChanges the Windows command prompt.
PUSHDSaves the current directory then changes it.
RDRemoves a directory.
RECOVERRecovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REMRecords comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
RENRenames a file or files.
RENAMERenames a file or files.
REPLACEReplaces files.
RMDIRRemoves a directory.
ROBOCOPYAdvanced utility to copy files and directory trees
SETDisplays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCALBegins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SCDisplays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKSSchedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFTShifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SHUTDOWNAllows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.
SORTSorts input.
STARTStarts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBSTAssociates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFODisplays machine specific properties and configuration.
TASKLISTDisplays all currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILLKill or stop a running process or application.
TIMEDisplays or sets the system time.
TITLESets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREEGraphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TYPEDisplays the contents of a text file.
VERDisplays the Windows version.
VERIFYTells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOLDisplays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPYCopies files and directory trees.
WMICDisplays WMI information inside interactive command shell.